How can we help small-scale and data-limited fisheries manage their resource sustainably?
Conservancy scientists spearheaded the development of FishPath, the world’s only comprehensive decision-support tool for designing management strategies to put fisheries on the path to sustainability.
Nearly half the fish consumed worldwide originates from poorly managed fisheries. Unsustainable fishing is threatening ocean biodiversity, and is costing the global fishing sector an estimated $50 billion a year in lost potential revenue. Poorly managed fisheries also pose tremendous risks to people who depend on the sea for their livelihoods and sustenance.
Unfortunately, many communities and jurisdictions around the world lack the basic information, expertise, and resources needed to develop management plans that could set their fisheries on a pathway to sustainability. And there is no “one size fits all” solution. Fisheries, cultures, and policy landscapes vary widely around the world, and what works in one place may not work elsewhere.
In addition, there are thousands of possible management strategies – the combination of management options for data monitoring, stock assessment, and management rules – from which to choose. If a government inadvertently selects a prescription that overburdens their staff or clashes with local cultures, then their efforts are more likely to fail, and fisheries will continue to decline. Getting the right solution to the people that need them most is a daunting task.
To address this challenge, our scientists organized a working group with 20 of the world’s top fisheries scientists under the umbrella of the Science for Nature and People Partnership. Together, we developed FishPath, the world’s only comprehensive decision support tool for fisheries management.
FishPath guides fisheries managers through the otherwise overwhelming array of choices before them, highlighting the best management options for their unique circumstances. Along with project partners including CSIRO (Australia’s scientific research organization), NOAA Fisheries and others, we designed FishPath so that users need only answer a series of questions about their fishery and the tool will decipher which management strategy is most likely to be effective and feasible. It guides managers towards solutions tailored to their specific resources and needs.
FishPath can be integrated into the decision-making processes of seafood sustainability organizations, such as the Marine Stewardship Council, which can help make certification – and its potentially significant market upside – accessible to thousands of small-scale fisheries.
We are now testing FishPath in fisheries in a great diversity of settings and with a wide array of community and governmental partners, from Peru to The Bahamas to Mexico and Australia. Our aim is to demonstrate that the health of fish stocks can be assessed at low cost, and that management options are available to put these fisheries on the path to sustainability.
As an objective and consistent approach to improve fisheries management, FishPath is the leading edge of our Global Fisheries Strategy at The Conservancy – opening the door to better management, certification, and long-term sustainability for thousands of fisheries and fishing communities around the world.
The author discusses a need for a new paradigm in fisheries management to address the challenges of a changing climate. See related publication by the author and colleagues in Conservation Letters.
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